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Meeting Tips

How to Run a Backlog Refinement Meeting (+ Agenda)

January 30, 2024
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January 30, 2024
Phu Ta
How to Run a Backlog Refinement Meeting (+ Agenda)
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The importance of a Backlog Refinement meeting cannot be overstated. A successful session can move you forward and prepare for upcoming Sprints.

In this blog, we will dive deep into what Backlog Refinement meetings are, how to effectively run them, show you the best practices; and we'll even give you a free agenda template to use.

Buckle up!

What Is Backlog Refinement?

Backlog Refinement (AKA Backlog grooming or Story Time) is the iterative process of reviewing and updating the Product Backlog items. This ongoing activity involves the whole Scrum Team, to ensure the Backlog items are organized, and ready for the next Sprint.

Product Backlog in Agile methodology is a dynamic list of all the tasks, features, technical work, and other activities that need to be addressed to develop and improve a product. It's a prioritized inventory that provides a comprehensive picture of the project at any point in time.

The Product Backlog includes details like User Stories, bug fixes, and other project-related tasks. It is regularly updated and prioritized by the Product Owner to reflect the project's evolving needs and goals.

The purpose of Backlog Refinement is to clean up the Backlog and make sure that it only contains relevant and detailed items. It also ensures that all team members have the same understanding of the matter and that everyone knows what they’ll be doing in the next Sprint.

There are no strict rules about the duration or frequency of Backlog Refinement sessions, but it's common to have one 30-60 minute gathering per Sprint.

The goal is to ensure that the Product Backlog remains updated, clearly defined, and properly prioritized for upcoming Sprints, without overburdening the team with excessive meetings.


  • Product Owner: Takes a central role, leading the session. The PO clarifies the details and intricacies of Backlog items, ensuring each is clearly understood. Their primary task is to prioritize these items, aligning them with the overarching business value and project goals.
  • Development Team: Provides a realistic perspective on technical feasibility. They contribute by estimating the effort required for each task and assisting in decomposing complex items into manageable tasks, thereby aiding in accurate Sprint Planning.
  • Scrum Master: Acts as the facilitator for the meeting. Their role includes ensuring that the session stays on track, adhering to Agile processes and effective communication. They also help resolve any impediments that may hinder the Refinement process.

Backlog Refinement vs. Sprint Planning

Backlog Refinement and Sprint Planning are two important activities in Agile and Scrum methodologies, but they serve different purposes and are conducted at different times in the Sprint cycle.

Backlog Refinement: The main objective of a Product Backlog Refinement is to review and prepare the Product Backlog for upcoming Sprints. This involves prioritizing items, estimating efforts, and ensuring clarity and understanding of the Backlog items.

Sprint Planning: The goal of Sprint Planning is to decide what work will be performed in the upcoming Sprint. This is where the team commits to specific items from the Product Backlog to complete during the Sprint.

In summary, Backlog Refinement is about preparing and maintaining the Product Backlog, ensuring it's ready for the Sprint Planning meeting. Sprint Planning, on the other hand, is about committing to specific items from this backlog and planning the work for the upcoming Sprint. Both are critical for maintaining the flow and effectiveness of Agile development.

How to Run a Backlog Refinement Meeting

Running a successful Backlog Refinement meeting is more than just gathering the Scrum Team around a table. It's about ensuring productive discussions and actionable outcomes.

Here's a guide to conducting an effective meeting:

Prepare in Advance

Preparation is key to an effective Backlog Refinement meeting. The Product Owner plays a crucial role in this phase. Pre-meeting preparation involves:

  • Reviewing the Backlog: Analyze the current state of the Product Backlog. Identify items that need updating and clarification.
  • Gathering Data: Collect any relevant data, customer feedback, or research findings that might impact the Backlog items.
  • Setting the Agenda: Outline what needs to be discussed. A clear agenda helps in keeping the meeting focused and productive.
  • Communicating with the Team: Brief the team on the agenda and any specific preparation they need to do. This ensures everyone comes to the meeting well-informed and ready to contribute.

Set Clear Objectives

  • Defining Specific Goals: Clearly state what the meeting should accomplish. This could include clarifying complex User Stories, re-prioritizing the Backlog, or resolving specific blockers.
  • Aligning with Project Aims: Ensure that the objectives are in line with the broader project goals and current Sprint objectives.
  • Communicating to the Team: Share these objectives with the team beforehand, so everyone understands the focus areas and prepares accordingly.

Focus on Collaboration

  • Promoting Teamwork: Encourage an environment where the Product Owner, Development Team, and Scrum Master work together closely. This collaboration is key to understanding and agreeing on the nuances of each Backlog item.
  • Balancing Perspectives: Ensure that the perspectives of both technical and business sides are considered. This balance helps in creating a more effective and achievable Backlog.
  • Resolving Conflicts: Use the Refinement session as an opportunity to address and resolve any disagreements or misunderstandings regarding Backlog items.

Document and Assign Actions

  • Record Key Decisions: Ensure that all decisions and changes made during the meeting are documented. This could be in the form of meeting minutes or an updated Backlog document.
  • Assign Responsibilities: Assign tasks or follow-ups to specific team members. Ensure everyone understands their responsibilities and deadlines.
  • Action Items Follow-up: Plan for a follow-up on these actions in subsequent meetings or through other communication channels.

Remember, the goal of a Backlog Refinement meeting is not just to go through the motions, but to ensure that the Scrum Team is on the same page and ready for the upcoming Sprint.

For better documentation, try using apps that can help you with taking notes.
With the advances in technology, AI apps such as Wudpecker can generate intuitive notes and action items from your meetings; you will not miss a thing.

Keep It Time-Bound

  • Setting a Time Limit: Establish a specific duration for the meeting (e.g. 1 hour) and stick to it. This helps maintain focus and efficiency.
  • Time Management: Allocate specific time slots to each agenda item to ensure that all important points are covered without rushing.
  • Avoiding Overrun: Be mindful of the time and steer the discussion to prevent overrun, ensuring that the meeting remains productive and respects everyone's time.

Time-bound meetings help maintain a high level of energy and engagement throughout the session.

Backlog Refinement Agenda Template

This template offers a balanced approach, ensuring each aspect of Backlog Refinement is addressed effectively within a time-bound session. Remember, this template is a guide. Feel free to adjust the timings and focus areas based on your team's specific needs and the nature of your project.

Best Practices

Regular Scheduling

Regular scheduling of Backlog Refinement meetings is vital for continuous and effective backlog management. It's about finding the right balance:

  • Frequency and Duration: Determine an optimal frequency (e.g., weekly, bi-weekly) that suits your team's pace without causing fatigue. Keep the meetings concise to maintain focus.
  • Consistency: Hold meetings at regular intervals to establish a rhythm, making them a predictable part of the team's routine.
  • Flexibility: Be open to adjusting the schedule based on the team's needs and project demands.

Inclusive Participation

  • Encouraging Input: Every team member, from the Product Owner to the Development Team members, should feel empowered to contribute their perspectives and ideas.
  • Diverse Viewpoints: Valuing the different insights and experiences that each member brings to the table, can lead to more comprehensive and well-rounded decisions.
  • Active Engagement: Creating an environment where all members are actively engaged in the discussion, not just passively listening.


  • Adaptability: Being open to re-prioritizing the Product Backlog as project needs and customer requirements evolve.
  • Responsive Changes: Quickly incorporating new information or feedback into the Backlog Refinement process.
  • Balancing Priorities: Adjusting the focus between long-term goals and immediate needs, ensuring the backlog remains relevant and dynamic.

This approach allows the Agile team to remain responsive and effective in a changing project environment.

Focus on Value

  • Prioritizing Impact: Aligning Backlog items with the highest impact on end-user satisfaction and project goals.
  • Value-Driven Decisions: Making decisions based on the value each Backlog item brings to the customer and the project.
  • Regular Reassessment: Continuously reassessing the Backlog to ensure that the most valuable items are prioritized for upcoming Sprints.

This approach ensures that the team's efforts are always aligned with delivering the most valuable outcomes.

Continuous Improvement

  • Learning from Experience: Regularly reflecting on past Refinement sessions to identify areas for improvement.
  • Implementing Feedback: Actively seeking and incorporating feedback from the team to enhance the Refinement process.
  • Evolving Practices: Adapting and updating Refinement techniques and practices to better suit the team's evolving needs and project dynamics.

This approach ensures the Backlog Refinement process remains effective and efficient, continuously evolving with the team and project requirements.

Implementing these practices helps in maintaining a common understanding among Scrum Team members, ensuring that the Backlog Refinement process contributes positively to the overall team efficiency and project success.


Navigating the Backlog Refinement process is like charting a course for a successful Agile journey. It's about bringing clarity, prioritization, and alignment to your Product Backlog, making sure your team is ready for every Sprint Planning session.

By embracing effective Backlog Refinement meetings and practices, you set the stage for a smoother, more efficient Sprint. Remember, it's an ongoing process, evolving with your project and team. Keep refining, stay agile, and watch your team's productivity soar!


What Should Be Discussed in Backlog Refinement?

1. Clarifying and detailing User Stories and Backlog items.

2. Prioritizing Backlog items based on importance and project goals.

3. Estimating the effort required for User Stories, using methods like planning poker.

4. Breaking down larger tasks into smaller, manageable pieces.

5. Updating or removing items that are no longer relevant.

6. Introducing new User Stories or tasks as needed.

What Does Backlog Refinement Focus On?

Backlog Refinement focuses on reviewing and updating the Product Backlog to ensure clarity, relevancy, and prioritization of tasks and User Stories.

It includes detailing and clarifying Backlog items, estimating their effort and complexity, prioritizing them based on project goals and value, and breaking down larger tasks into manageable pieces.

This process helps in preparing the Backlog for effective Sprint Planning and execution.

What Are the Most Effective Techniques for Prioritizing Backlog Items During Refinement Sessions?

  1. Value-Based Prioritization: Focus on items that offer the most value to customers and align with business goals.
  2. MoSCoW Method: Categorize items as Must have, Should have, Could have, or Won't have, to streamline prioritization.
  3. Kano Model: Analyze items based on customer satisfaction and functionality, balancing basic needs with delightful features.
  4. Cost of Delay: Evaluate the impact of not completing items on time to prioritize urgent and high-impact tasks.
  5. Stakeholder Input: Regularly involve stakeholders in the Refinement process to understand their perspectives and requirements.
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Backlog Refinement Agenda Template

Date: [Insert Date]
Time: [Insert Start Time] - [Insert End Time]
Location: [Specify if it's an in-person or virtual meeting and provide necessary details or links]

Meeting Purpose:
[Clearly articulate the overarching goal or objective of the meeting]

1. Opening (5 mins):

  • Quick overview of the agenda.
  • Set expectations for the meeting's outcomes.

2. Review of the Current Backlog (15 mins):

  • Examine existing User Stories and Backlog items.
  • Update or remove items that are no longer relevant.

3. Prioritization (20 mins):

  • Discuss and prioritize Backlog items for the next Sprint.
  • Focus on aligning with the project's overall goals and customer needs.

4. Estimation (20 mins):

  • Assign story points or effort estimates to new and existing User Stories.
  • Use techniques like planning poker to facilitate estimation.

5. Discussion of New Items (15 mins):

  • Introduce and define any new User Stories or Backlog items.
  • Determine their relevance and potential impact on the upcoming sprint.

6. Action Items and Closure (5 mins):

  • Summarize key decisions and action items.
  • Confirm the meeting agenda for the next grooming meeting or Backlog Refinement session.
How to Run a Backlog Refinement Meeting (+ Agenda)
Min Read
How to Run a Backlog Refinement Meeting (+ Agenda)
Min Read
How to Run a Backlog Refinement Meeting (+ Agenda)
Min Read